Ibn Hayyan is the founder of Chemistry. He invented purification of substances, oxidization, sublimation, liquefaction and crystallization. He also implemented better lab equipment such as water baths, furnaces, and systems for filtration and distillation.
His achievements in understanding the correlation between light and the eyes, gave rise to essential modern world devices such as cameras, telescopes, microscopes, binoculars and projectors. Thank Ibn Al-Haytham as his invention paved the way to the science of Optics and hence glasses and contact lenses. Another epic achievement was conducted by Muslim engineer Al-Jazari in the 13th century. His invention, The crank-and-connecting-rod mechanism, which appears in his book Book of Knowledge of Ingenious Mechanical Devices was phenomenal.
This is by far one of the strongest contributions to the modern world. Just look around you and you will feel the presence of Al-Jazari; in vehicles, ships, planes, oil wells, carousels, sewing machines, clocks, etc. The outline of maps we see in our modern society dates back to the 12th century Muslim, Al-Idrisi. Ibn Battuta, 14th century Muslim, is most well known for his spiritual journey from Morocco to Mecca for pilgrimage, by foot!
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He travelled through other parts of the world as well, recording his observations along his way in his book The Travels. His contribution to Geography and Botanics is undisputable. It was the first society to launch a mass production of paper. The Islamic Libraries were packed with books.
Muslims impacted the format as well. Muslim Contribution to Science would not be complete without mentioning the impact of Al-Zahrawi Abulcasis , who invented a wide range of medical instruments and wrote the first illustrated surgical book.
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His recommendations on pain-reduction techniques were followed by Western medics for centuries. Hospitals were inaugurated by Muslims and everyone was welcome for treatment.
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The wealthy Muslims sponsored the hospitals through charitable donations — what we call, universal healthcare, in our modern times. Muslims invented surgical tools that are still used to this day. Hygiene was revised. The impact of mechanics on the evolution of a variety of subjects is vividly illustrated, including astronomy, geology, astrophysics, anthropology, archeology, ancient history, Renaissance art.
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How Mechanics Shaped the Modern World | David Allen | Springer
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View all copies of this ISBN edition:. Synopsis About this title This unique book presents a nontechnical view of the history of mechanics, from the Big Bang to present day. Buy New Learn more about this copy. About AbeBooks. Customers who bought this item also bought. Stock Image.
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20 physicists who revolutionized our understanding of the world
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